Stereological Comparison of Imbibed Fibrinogen Gauze versus Simple Gauze in External Packing of Grade IV Liver Injury in Rats

Shahram Paydar, Golnoush Sadat Mahmoudi Nezhad, Mohammad Yasin Karami, Hossein Abdolrahimzadeh, Mojtaba Samadi, Alireza Makarem, Ali Noorafshan

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effect of imbibed fibrinogen gauze on survival, bleeding and healing in liver trauma.

Methods: This animal experimental study was conducted on 20 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats; with a mean weight of 300±50 gram; divided into two groups. Grade IV injury was induced to the subjects’ liver. Then, the bleeding site was packed with simple gauze in the control group, and imbibed fibrinogen gauze in the experimental group. All animals were re-evaluated for liver hemostasis 48 hours after the initial injury. Bleeding in the intra peritoneal cavity was measured using Tuberculosis Syringe in the first and second operations. Subjects were followed-up for 14 days. Eventually, the rats were sacrificed and their livers were sent to a lab for stereological assessment. Statistical comparisons were performed via Mann–Whitney U-test using SPSS. P-Values less than 0.05 were considered to be statistically significant.

Results: Half of the rats in the control group died, while all the rats in the imbibed fibrinogen gauze group survived after two weeks (p= 0.032). Bleeding in the imbibed fibrinogen gauze was significantly less than control group, 48 hours’ post-surgery (p<0.001). According to the stereological results, granulation tissue in the imbibed fibrinogen gauze group were more than the control group (P= 0.032). Also, fibrosis in the imbibed fibrinogen gauze group were more than the control group (P= 0.014).

Conclusion: Our study indicated that imbibed fibrinogen gauze can potentially control liver bleeding and improve survival through increasing granulation tissue and fibrosis in injured liver.

Keywords

Fibrinogen; Wounds and Injuries; Rats; Liver

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